Repair Hard Drive Problems with Windows Chkdsk

Over time, you may come across certain problems with HDD which can be due to OS crash, hard drive failure, etc. However, these problems can be resolved by using Chkdsk command.

Know more about Chkdsk: Windows system such as Windows Vista, Windows XP, Window 7, Windows 8x and Windows 10, are included with Chkdsk command which is used to check your HDD errors. Most of the time, this command can run and fix the errors it finds. But, it’s recommended to run Chkdsk every two or three months in order to check the integrity of your hard drive and to fix any errors.

Though the life span of a hard drive varies — but it crosses five or six years old, they start to fail. The lighter you use hard drive, it may last longer. Whatever, you should run Chkdsk than running it in the default mode. This help article will explain how to use Chkdsk to troubleshot hard drive problems in Windows and tell if your hard drive is about to fail despite your repair efforts. For this, you need  the following:

  • Windows XP/2000 boot CD or a series of boot disks
  • Computer with an IDE drive

Steps to fix hard drive problems with Chkdsk in Windows

  • Initially, boot your computer from your Windows XP Cd or from your 6-disk XP/2000 Boot Disk Set. For this, you need to insert your CD or Floppy #1 and turn on computer. As soon as it displays menu, select boot from CD or boot from floppy (Note: Do not select boot from the hard drive).
  • Now, the computer starts booting, eventually, you will see a screen asking you what you would like to do. Then, press the letter R on your keyboard to proceed to the Windows Recovery Console.
  • As you progress to the Recovery Console, you will be asked which partition you would like to boot into. So, type the number associated with the partition containing your NTFS partition and then press enter to continue. Then, it will ask administrator password. Type it and press enter. If there is no password to boot your computer into Windows, then simply press enter.
  • Now in command prompt, type the following command without the quotes and press enter: “chkdsk /p”
  • This is a short test to tell whether longer test is needed or not. After the test completes, if you get a message like “One or more errors detected on the volume” then proceed to next step. If there are no errors, then your drive cannot be repaired using chkdsk.
  • Now go back to the command prompt and type the following command without the quotes and press enter: “chkdsk /r”
  • This test may take a while depending on the size of your drive. It looks for the errors on your drive and repair them. When it completes, you will be back at a command prompt.
  • Then type “chkdsk /p” again and press enter. If there are no errors your drive has been repaired successfully and is safe to use again temporarily. If the errors are reported, then your drive is on its last stage and you may be able to boot it now.
  • So, remove the floppy disk or CD from your system and restart the PC. Take a moment to back up your valuable data.